Black Stools Cause - Black Stools Treatment
Further details – Black Stools (Malena):
Black stools and in medical terminology Malena refers to the condition in which the stool color becomes black (+ foul smelling). There are many causes of blackening of stools. Some of which are listed below.
Black Stools – Blood in Stools:
Many of the cases of black stools are due to the bleeding in the gut, mainly in the stomach either little in amount or larger. The stools becomes black due to the old bleeding that passes through the intestine and converted into different substances that gives black color to the stools.
- Gastrointestinal bleeding – Cause of Malena and Black Stools
Black stools could be formed due to the bleeding inside the stomach or upper intestine. This bleeding might be due to the peptic ulcer, using painkiller (mainly NSAIDS), Liver disease etc. In terminal liver disease, the blood vessels present in the stomach, food pipe (esophagus) and in the rectum dilate and become fragile. They easily get rupture and give rise bleeding. If this blood passes through the intestine from stomach and comes in the stool, it gives the stool black in color. Any internal injury to the stomach wall may also starts bleeding and hence produces black stools. Certain inflammatory conditions of gastrointestinal tract like Crohn's disease or Ulcerative colitis are also the recognized causes of Malena or black stools. Any advance disease like cancer of stomach, intestine etc generates bleeding leading to life threatening Malena or black stools. Blood vessels diseases related to the stomach and intestine also gives rise to the black stools and Malena.
- Food Items – Cause of Malena and Black Stools
Food items and substances like iron supplements; beets and licorice etc may produce black stools. Vitamin B12 deficiency may result in black terry red colored stools. Taking too many black berries may ultimately generate black stools.
- Chemicals - Cause of Malena and Black Stools
Chemicals like propanol used as antiseptic and used in polished, cleaners and cosmetics produces black stools when taken incidentally or intentionally as suicide attempt.
- Germs and Parasites – Cause of Malena and Black Stools
Certain bacteria in the stomach like H.pylori and other parasites may generate ulcers and local bleeding hence produces blood pooling inside the stools which present like black stools or Malena.
- False Malena – False Black Stools – Causes
Malena or black stools caused by chemicals and food items are called as false Malena since they are not produced due to actual bleeding or blood; instead they are produced due to the reasons other than that. Causes of false Malena are iron supplements, black berry, licorice, propanol etc.
- Black Stools and Malena – Evaluation and Treatment
Coming up the black stools or Malena is not a disease, however; it is a sign of certain illness. The treatment depends upon treating the cause of illness. In case of peptic ulcer, using NSAIDs painkillers, H.pylori, other disease of gastrointestinal tract, the rectification of the problem would correct the color of stools from black to normal. If using iron supplements, having been exposed to certain chemicals mentioned above or any other related condition if found should be avoided or treated accordingly. In case of liver failure or cirrhosis, as black stools along with fresh bleeding and bloody vomiting comes up and in this case this condition could be life threatening. The terminal illness of liver failure could only be corrected with liver transplantation which is very expensive, having less success rate and not easily available.