The Importance Of Breast Self Exams
Is article ka maqsad breast self exams ke importance discuss karma hai. Then, I will discuss an easy way of how to perform breast self exams.
The importance of performing breast self exams: Jaisa ka hum jantay hain, breast cancer, aik mohlik aur jaan lewa bimaari hai. Breast cancer effects approximately 1in every 10 women. Unfortunately, hamaray culture main breast cancer ki awareness na hona ki wajah say bohat se khwateen breast self exam nahin kartin. Regular monthly breast self exams ka zarya breast cancer ka bohat early stages main diagnosis ho sakta hai, and early diagnosis is the most important thing for successful treatment of breast cancer.
What exactly is breast self exam: Every woman older than 20 years old, should perform an exam of her breasts, once a month. This exam that the women performs herself, is called breast self exam. Breast self exam involves looking and feeling own breasts in a certain specific way ( which I will describe later), in order to detect early warning signs of breast cancer.
Breast self exam karnay mai kitna time lagta hai: Start main, jab aap ko breast self exam karna ki practice nahin ho gi, to exam mai approximately 10 minutes lagain gay. Jab aap regular exams karna lagin gi, aur app ko practice ho jai gi, to phir it should not take more than 3-5 minutes . I think everyone will agree kay hum chahee kitnay hi busy hon, hur month 5 minutes is kaam kay liya nikalna koi mushkil nahin.
What is the best time to perform breast self exam: The best time to perform the breast self exam is 4-5 days after the period stops ( bleeding stops). Reason ye hai kay periods kay doraan breasts main heaviness, pain aur giltian ban jaati hain, jinki wajah say exam karna mushkil hota hai.
How to perform the breast self exam: Aap breast exam, kahin bhi kar sakti haan ( in the bathroom during taking a shower, or bedroom). You need a big mirror and plenty of light.
Breast self exam consists of 2 parts: 1). Looking at the breasts for abnormalities. 2). Feeling the breasts for abnormalities.
1). Looking at the breasts for abnormalities: Stand in front of the mirror with hands on your sides. Breasts ko touch kiya baghair, look at both breasts. Dono breasts ka size compare karain( very often one breast will be slightly larger than the other, this is normal). Dakhain kay breast ki skin par koi wrinkles to nahin hain ( on one side). Kahin redness to nahi hai. Koi skin rash jaisi appearance to nahin hai. Breast cancer main generally breast skin aisi ho jaati hai jaisa orange ka chilka. Look for any discharge from the nipples. Bloody discharge is a warning sign for breast cancer. Kuch women main nipples inverted hota hain( bahir ki taraf point karnay ka bajai under ki jaanib hota hai).
Agar koi abnormality nazar aati hai to check karain ka yeh abnormality aik breast main hai yaa both breasts main. Generally, agar abnormality aik hi breast main ha to is baat ka zyada chance ha kay yeh breast cancer ki wajah say ha. Agar both breasts main same abnormality nazar aati hai to chances yeh hain kay breast cancer ki wajah sa nahin hai.
Also look at the armpits aur dakhain kay goi giltian to nahin nazar aa rahin.
2). Feeling the breasts for abnormalities: Kamar ka bal lait jain ( face up). Left shoulder ka neechay chota pillow rukh lain, ya towel fold kar kay rakh lain. Ab left arm head ka neechay rakh lain. Then, right hand ki middle 3 fingers say left breast ko feel karna shorow karain, na bohat zyada lightly, na bohat zyada hard. Breast kay upper outer corner ( near the armpit ) say start karain aur circle ki shakal main pooray breast ki outside boundary ko check karain. Phir circle ko chota karti jain ( Yaani centre ki taraf aati jain). Kye circles banana ka baad aap breast kay centre tak pohonch jain gi. Make sure kay koi bhi jagah rah na jaya( you would get better with practice). Normally, breasts main bohat small giltian feel ho sakti hain, particularly during or right after bleeding stops, this is normal. Agar aap ko koi bara lump( gilti) about half an inch in size feel hoti hai to gilti ko press karain aur note karain kay nipple say koi discharge to nahin ho raha. Bloody discharge would be considered a sign of disease. Also, note karain kay lump hard hai ya soft, aur lump move ho raha hai ya apni jagah fix hai. Breast kay upper outer corner main lumps cancer ki alamat ho sakta hain. Also note for discharge from the nipple by squeezing the nipple. Yellowish white discharge is generally normal, particularly in breast feeding women, magar bloody discharge is generally not a good thing. Bohat se women ko both breasts main multiple lumps feel hota hain, jaisa small grapes. This is called fibrocystic disease of breasts( breasts main multiple cysts ban jaati hain).
After making sure kay aap na left breast poori tarah check kar liya, check your left armpit for lumps. Breast cancer kay lumps armpits main bhi hota hain.
After completely checking the left side, pillow nikal kar right shoulder kay neechay rakh lain. Right hand head kay neechay rakh lain. And repeat the whole process using the middle 3 fingers of the left hand.
Agar koi lump feel hota hai, then find out if it is present in one breast or both breasts. Lump ka size kya hai. Kya lump move ho raha hai ya apni jagah pa fixed hai. Kya lump main koi pain hai, aur press karnay sa koi discharge hota hai yaa nahin.
Bohat si women ko menses ka dinon main both breasts main small lumps feel hota hain. Agar yah lumps sirf periods ka dinon main hota hain aur phir disappear ho jaata ha, aur phir next period main dobarah ho jatai hain, to most likely this is normal.
Main aik bar phir yeh kahna chahon ga kay breast cancer aik bohat common condition ha, jo kisi bhi aurat ko ho sakti hai. Breast cancer kay treatment ki success kay liya zarrori hai kay cancer early stages main detect ho jai. Har month breast self exam karna breast cancer ki early detection kay liya bohat zaroori ha.